Nanotechnology refers to the science and architecture of matter at the atomic and molecular level, generally in a range of about 100 nanometers. Any devices or materials with critical dimensions that fall into this range are classified as the nano. A perfect example of the size of a nanometer is seven oxygen atoms or 3-4 water molecules.
However, while modern nanotechnology and Nanoscience are pretty new, nanoscale materials have been used for ages. Intermittent-sized silver and gold particles created colors in the stained glass windows hundreds of years ago for medieval churches. While the artists back then didn’t know that they genuinely used the nanotechnology, they created beautiful arts from it. The following are some other nanotechnology applications you probably weren’t aware of.
7 Things You Didn’t Know About Nanotechnology:
- Nanotechnology is being used against the Taliban. Military forces currently are using a six-inch Miniature Air Vehicles (MAV) for surveillance in Afghanistan. The MAVs can be fitted with specific explosives for hits on snipers. However, while the future military applications of nanotechnology might lessen their work, there is a global concern as to the threat of such weapons.
- Some nanomaterials can self-assemble themselves. Depending on the charges or other natural features of a molecule, they can be controlled to come together to form various forms. However, beyond the simple benefits of production, the actual advantage of developing nanomaterials is that they retain consistency and do not lead to imperfections.
- Microorganisms can be used to manufacture nanotechnology. Viruses can also be made into nanotechnology firms. MIT researchers controlled the manufacturing capabilities of tiny viruses infecting the bacteria to build small wires for use in a nano-sized lithium-ion battery. Tiny optical processors in the future might apply optical signals rather than the usual electrical ones to process data, while the superconductor nanocrystals produced by bacteria will operate as the light-emitting diodes necessary to send optical signals.
- About 1/3 of Americans find the technology morally tolerable. About 29% of Americans are of the view that nanotechnology research is acceptable. However, while nanotechnology does possess the potential for a biologic reaction, many of its current uses are electronic. This brings confusion as many confuse it for biotechnology.
- You are probably wearing a nanotechnology product. While complex nanotechnology microcomputers might be a future thing, simpler first-generation nanomaterials are literally around us, and certainly more widespread than you might think. Various cosmetics, sunscreens, and even clothing have been made from nanomaterials.
- Size properties. At the nanoscale, materials take on unusual properties. Their transparency, color, and melting points often differ significantly from those of larger masses of the same material.
- Nanoscale particles of metal oxide, metal blends or carbon fiber can detoxify harmful waste. Their chemical reactivity and absolute solubility help them inactive.
However, modern scientists and engineers are finding ways to carefully make elements at the nanoscale to utilize the advantage of their improved properties such as increased control of the light spectrum, higher strength, lighter weight, and more significant chemical reactivity than their larger-scale counterparts.